Blood sugar in early pregnancy may affect baby’s heart

125
blood sugar

MNA Life Style Desk: Higher blood sugar early in pregnancy raises the baby’s risk of a congenital heart defect, even among mothers who do not have diabetes, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

“Most women who have a child with congenital heart disease are not diabetic,” said James Priest, assistant professor at the Stanford University in California.

The results showed that the risk of giving birth to a child with a congenital heart defect was elevated by 8 per cent for every increase of 10 milligrams per decilitre in blood glucose levels in the early stages of pregnancy.

The study may be helpful to measure blood glucose early in pregnancy in all pregnant women to help determine which individuals are at greater risk for having a baby with a heart defect.

All pregnant women have a certain level of resistance to insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas to help your body use glucose for energy.

During pregnancy, a woman’s body makes more hormones with fluctuating levels along with weight gain. These changes cause the body to use insulin less effectively, which usually happens at the later stages of the pregnancy.

It is well established that high glucose levels aren’t good for the mother or the developing baby. Even doctors generally warned mothers who had high blood sugar levels that they placed their infants at risk for birth problems.