Unplanned housing and urbanization in Dhaka city

MNA Editorial Desk: Housing is the prime need of human being for livelihood and shelter. Demographic pressure especially the unplanned expansion of housing in urban areas is contributing to a great extent decreasing the cultivating land, which considered as a great threat to environment.

Bangladesh has been experiencing quite rapid urbanization during the last few decades. Bangladesh is well aware of these challenges and over the last two decades it has tried to address it through multi-sectoral development along with polices on specific themes.

Providing improved living condition and better urban service to this increased population and generating employment for them would be a challenge.

Weakness in the urban policy environment and institutional capacities, inadequate infrastructure, absence of clearly articulated urban sector policies and strategies, lack of comprehensive development plan and their implementation and monitoring are the important challenges for planned urbanization.

Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh is one of the most populous megacities in the world. As the growth of urban population tacking place at an exceptionally rapid rate, the city is unable to cope with changing situations due to their internal resource constraints and management limitations.

In recent years Dhaka City is facing extensive water logging during the monsoon as a common and regular problem of the city like water pollution, traffic congestion, air and noise pollution, solid waste disposal, black smoke etc.

Developmental trends in the city emphasizing environmental modifications are rather non-ecological. Man-environment interface in Dhaka in the wake of misdirected urban development that seriously impairs ecology has become a matter of concern for the urban planners.

An unplanned urbanization across the country leads to discrimination between the capital Dhaka and other metropolitan cities and district towns.

Dhaka is virtually seething with urban impact on its environment. Any time it may burst to the utter distress of its dwellers. So far we have failed in taking preventive measures.

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