MNA Feature Desk: The significance of Sadaqatul Fitr is very high for the pious muslims. Fitr means to breakfast or to refrain from fasting. Hence the Eid after the fasts of Ramadan is called Eid ul Fitr, as it is the day of rejoicing after the completion of fasting.
On this occasion of significance, as a sign of gratitude one has to give a specific amount in alms, which is called Sadaqatul Fitr. To purify and obtain complete blessings for the fasts of Ramadan Mubarak one has to give Sadaqatul Fitr and it keeps great significance for Muslims.
Reasons for giving Sadaqatul Fitr
- To give Sadaqatul Fitr in lieu of the acceptance of one’s fasting.
- To thank Allâh Ta’ala, for bestowing on us the strength to fast during the month of Ramadhan.
- To purify one’s fast and obtain the complete blessings of fasting.
- To celebrate the completion of fasting.
- To demonstrate greatness of the day of Eid.
- To assists the poor in joining the atmosphere of Eid.
Rules of Sadaqatul Fitr
- Sadaqatul Fitr (or fitrah) is wajib upon all Muslims; male, female and children who on the Day of Eid-ul-Fitr are owners of the Nisab of Zakah. Fitrah becomes wajib when the Day of Fitr dawns with the commencement of Fajr time. Therefore, if someone died before entry of Fajr on the Day of Eid, fitrah will not be paid out of his (the deceased’s) estate, since this fitrah is not wajib on him.
- And, if a child is born before the rising of Fajr, fitrah will be paid on his behalf. If the child is born after the entry of Fajr (on the Day of Eid) fitrah is not wajib on his behalf. The father has to pay the fitrah on behalf of his under age children, i.e. those who have not attained the age of puberty.
- It is not obligatory upon the husband to pay fitrah on behalf of his wife. If she is the owner of Nisab, she shall have to pay her own fitrah. If a minor is the owner of wealth to the amount of Nisab, then payment of fitrah on behalf of the minor could be made from out of his (minor’s) wealth.
- The fitrah should preferably be paid before the Eid Salah. It is not permissible to delay the payment of fitrah later than the Day of Eid. However, if it was not paid on the Day of Eid or before, the obligation remains and the fitrah will have to be paid.
- Fitrah cannot be utilized for any charitable purpose other than the poor. Therefore, if fitrah monies are accumulated and then spent on some other charitable cause, the fitrah obligation of the fitrah payers will not be discharged.